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A Foundational Framework for Digital Curation: The Sept Domain Model

Download full text: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/75v3z67n or  iPRES-2015-Abrams-Sept.pdf (PDF, 2015-11-15, 1.1 MB)

Download presentation slides: iPRES-2015-Abrams-Foundational-framework-for-digital-curation.pptx (PowerPoint, 2015-11-03, 1.1 MB)

Presented at iPRES 2015, The 12th International Conference on Preservation of Digital Objects, Chapel Hill, November 2-6, 2015 (proceedings, pp. 30-37)

Abstract

Digital curation is a complex of actors, policies, practices, and technologies enabling successful consumer engagement with authentic content of interest across space and time. While digital curation is a rapidly maturing field, it still lacks a convincing unified theoretical foundation. A recent internal evaluation by the University of California Curation Center (UC3) of its programmatic activities led quickly to seemingly simple, yet deceptively difficult-to-answer questions. Too many fundamental terms of curation practice remain overloaded and under-formalized, perhaps none more so than “digital object.” To address these concerns, UC3 is developing a new model for conceptualizing the curation domain. While drawing freely from many significant prior efforts, the UC3 Sept model also assumes that digital curation is an inherently semiotic activity. Consequently, the model considers curated content with respect to six characteristic dimensions: semantics, syntactics, empirics, pragmatics, diplomatics, and dynamics, which refer respectively to content’s underlying abstract meaning or emotional affect, symbolic encoding structures, physical representations, realizing behaviors, evidential authenticity and reliability, and evolution through time. Correspondingly, the model defines an object typology of increasing consumer utility and value: blobs, artifacts, exemplars, products, assets, records, and heirlooms, which are respectively existential, intentional, purposeful, interpretable, useful, trustworthy, and resilient digital objects. Content engagement is modeled in terms of creator, owner, curator, and consumer roles acting within a continuum of concerns for catalyzing, organizing, and pluralizing curated content. Content policy and strategy are modeled in terms of seven high-level imperatives: predilect, collect, protect, introspect, project, connect, and reflect. A consistent, comprehensive, and conceptually parsimonious domain model is important for planning, performing, and evaluating programmatic activities in a rigorous and systematic rather than ad hoc or idiosyncratic manner. The UC3 Sept model can be used to make precise yet concise statements regarding curation intentions, activities, and results.

Categories: Applied computing ~ Digital libraries and archives • Applied computing ~ Enterprise modeling • Information systems ~ Information lifecycle management • Information systems ~ Data management systems

Keywords: digital curation, digital preservation, domain model, content model, object model, semiotics, lifecycle, continuum, planning, strategy

Notes: UC3 welcomes external review and comment.  Please leave any comments or suggestions below.

LicenseCC-BY
Citation: Abrams, Stephen (2015), "A foundational framework for digital curation: The Sept domain model," iPRES 2015, The 12th International Conference on Preservation of Digital Objects, Chapel Hill, November 2-6.

 


A Domain Model for Digital Curation

Download presentation slides: UCB-2015-10-16-Abrams-Domain-model-for-digital-curation.pptx (1.1 MB) or text: UCB-2015-10-16-Abrams-Domain-model-for-digital-curation.pdf (1.4 MB)

Presented at the Information Access Seminar, UC Berkeley School of Information, October 16, 2015

Abstract

Digital curation is a complex of actors, policies, practices, and technologies enabling successful consumer engagement with authentic content of interest across space and time. Having a clear conceptual model of the curation domain is important for planning, performing, and evaluating curation activities in a formal and systematic, rather than ad hoc and idiosyncratic manner. While the curation and preservation communities have developed a number of useful pragmatic frameworks and rubrics (NAA, OAIS, PREMIS, BRM, etc.), it is not clear how, or indeed, whether, they cohere into a unified and theoretically sound representation of the curation domain. Too many fundamental terms of curation practice still remain overloaded and under-formalized, perhaps none more so than "digital object." This presentation will describe an effort at the UC Curation Center to synthesize and extend existing frameworks into a consistent, comprehensive, and parsimonious domain model for digital curation. The new model's vocabulary highlights important nuanced distinctions between various types of objects. It can also be used to make precise yet concise statements about curation intentions, activities, and outcomes.

Categories: Applied computing ~ Digital libraries and archives • Applied computing ~ Enterprise modeling • Information systems ~ Information lifecycle management • Information systems ~ Data management systems

Keywords: digital curation, digital preservation, domain model, content model, object model, semiotics, lifecycle, continuum, planning, strategy

LicenseCC-BY
Citation: Abrams, Stephen (2015), A domain Model for Digital Curation,  UC Berkeley School of Information seminar, October 16.

 


Digital Curation Foundations

Download full text: UC3-curation-foundations-v2.0.1 (Draft, 2015-04-24, 802 KB)

Short bookmark:     http://wiki.ucop.edu/x/go40Cg

Abstract

Digital curation is a complex of actors, policies, practices, and technologies enabling successful consumer engagement with authentic content of interest across space and time. While digital curation is a rapidly maturing field, it still lacks a convincing unified theoretical foundation. Too many fundamental terms of practice are overloaded and under-formalized. To address this concern, the University of California Curation Center (UC3) has modeled the curation domain to provide a consistent, comprehensive, yet parsimonious conceptual foundation for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of its manifold activities. The UC3 Sept model builds upon, and attempts to consolidate, prior efforts such as Kahn and Wilensky, FRBR, OAIS, NAA performance model, PLM, PREMIS, BRM, and ICO. It also draws upon relevant concepts from cognitive psychology, information science, and semiotic theory. The model considers curated content with respect to six distinct analytical dimensions: semantics, syntactics, empirics, pragmatics, diplomatics, and dynamics, which refer respectively to content's underlying abstract cognitive meaning or emotional affect, symbolic encoding structures, physical representations, realizing behaviors, authenticity, and evolution through time. Correspondingly, there is a hierarchical typology of accumulating content utility: entities, artifacts, articles, products, records, assets, and heirlooms, which are respectively existential, intentional, purposeful, interpretable, reliable, useful, and resilient digital objects. Content engagement is modeled in terms of productive, managerial, and consumptive roles and loci of concerns co-existing within a continuum of originating, organizing, and pluralizing dimensions, which respectively encompass the establishment, imposition of structure upon, and extension of reach and consequence of curated content. Curation strategies are modeled in terms of six high-level imperatives: predilect, collect, protect, introspect, project, and connect. A conceptually sound curation domain model is important for ensuring that programmatic planning, implementation, and evaluation activities are pursued in a rigorous and systematic, rather than ad hoc and idiosyncratic manner. The Sept model components and terminology can be used to make precise yet concise statements regarding curation intentions, activities, and results.

Categories: Applied computing ~ Digital libraries and archives • Applied computing ~ Enterprise modeling • Information systems ~ Information lifecycle management • Information systems ~ Data management systems

Keywords: digital curation, digital preservation, domain model, content model, object model, semiotics, lifecycle, continuum, planning, strategy

Notes: While this document is still a work in progress, UC3 welcomes external review and comment.  The "Foundational framework" paper above encapsulates the most recent thinking by UC3 on these issues, and incorporates some newer vocabular.  Please leave any comments or suggestions below.

License: CC-BY
Citation: UC Curation Center (2015), Digital Curation Foundations, version 2.0 <http://wiki.ucop.edu/display/Curation/Foundations>


Previous versions

UC3-foundations-v2.0.pdf (2010-02-28, 928 KB)
UC3-foundations-v1.0.pdf (2010-03-25, 734 KB)

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